实用文体写作的心得体会

发布时间:2017-06-06 来源: 心得体会 点击:

篇一:常见实用文体写作范文

常见实用文体写作范文

一、与报社等讨论稿(带手机利弊)

Dear Editor:

[引出话题] I’m a senior three student. I’m writing to tell you my opinion on whethermiddle school students can go to school with mobile phones. [赞成]I think they can do that. Because students can keep in touch with their friends and family wherever they are. Besides, the mobile phone is a way to have fun.

[反对] However, every coin has 2 sides. There are some problems with using mobile phones. The ring of phones can disturb teachers and students in the classroom.

Another students is that some students can spend too much time and money on phone calls and sending messages.

[个人观点] In conclusion, I suggest students not use phones in the classroom. Also, as it is expensive, the owner should take good care of it.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

二、看对照表格写调查报告(孩子出国利弊)

[调查内容] A survey is taken onpublic opinions of the fact that many parents spend a large amount of money sending their children to study abroad, some of whom are middle school students.

[调查结果]From it we can see that 38 percent of those surveyed think it is worth the money letting children study abroad to get a better education so that they can get pay in return in the future

However, not all are for it / some are against it. 62% of them hold the view that it is difficult for young people to live and study in a foreign country. It’s easy for them to fall / get into some bad habits and the cost of education in another country is ten times as much as that at home.

[解决措施]The survey shows thatthe government should set up different

kinds of schools to meet the demands of different children. (句型do something /take measures / steps about sth.to do sth)

三、读柱状图表写调查报告 [注意句式变换]

Middle school students have some ideas about their future jobs.

The most striking contrast isin teaching: 30percent of the girls would like to become teachers while only 5percent of the boys want to do the job. 20 percent of the boys want to do business and another 20 percent want to become lawyers, while girls make up 15 percent in these two fields. What boys like to do most is to become managers and the second largest group would like to be scientists.Besides teaching, the second choice for girlsisto be scientists and managers. The number is not small. Girls also expect to show their abilities in these two fields.

四、写信(过去/现在对比)

Dear editor,

I’m a middle school student.I once had a very happy family, but everything has changed because of my father.

He used to be a very good doctor and was often praised by his patients. He took good care of the family and shared the housework with my mother everyday.

However, he is now quite a different person. He plays mahjong all night and often quarrels with my mother. I just can’t concentrate on my studies and my grades are coming down. I’m very much worried and I’m afraid it will destroy my family as well as my father

Could you help me what to do? I’m looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much.

Li Hua

五、图画+个人想法

One day during the summer holidays, I met my classmate Li Ming, whose nickname is Tao taopi. We chatted for a while as we walked. I asked him where he would go during the holidays. He replied that he had to stay at home studying. Then I’d like to know why he didn’t go out for a tour. Much to my surprise, he told me that it was just because he failed to be accepted by key universities.

In my opinion/Personally/ I think,traveling during the holidays not only increase a student’s knowledge of his or her motherland but also makes life meaningful. What’s more, at the present time, we students are suffering a lot both at home and school. Why not go out to get relaxed.

六、幽默画

We want our schoolbags lighter

[图画内容]The picture shows us a schoolboy and a big woman. The boy is wearing a pair of glasses and carrying a big heavy bag. The woman is taking some exercise. The boy is saying to the woman jokingly: “Mum, if you carry the schoolbag for me, I’m sure you will easily lose weight….”

[社会实际]It’s quite common that Chinese students are overburdened with the lessons and homework. What we do every day is to listen to the teachers’ lectures, take notes and do our homework which seems endless.

[个人想法]We do hope our teachers will help us get more knowledge with fewer lectures, exercises and less homework. Only in this way can we have time to do sports every day. Then we will be mentally and physically healthy.

七、 补全图画

Yesterday afternoon I went to the park. It so happened thatI saw a touching event.

At that time there were some people boating on the lake. A girl and her parents were taking photos. All of a sudden, the little girl fell into the lake as a result of carelessness. Obviously she couldn’t swim and was struggling in the water. Her parents cried for help. Hearing the cry, a young man immediately rushed to the bank and jumped into the water without taking off his clothes. He swam to the drowning girl and managed to push to the bank. At last the girl was saved. The girl’s parents were very grateful to the young man. Many people were greatly moved by the young man’s deeds.

What a kind and brave young man!

八、广播稿(看图海啸)

Boys and girls,

May I have your attention, please?At the end of 2004, a strong earthquake hit the west part of Indonesia, which brought on a terrible tsunami to some areas of western Asia. This disaster has caused millions of deaths and destroyed many beautiful cities. How terrible things are! Besides, millions more who have become homeless are in great need of help now.

At present many countries all over the world including China have sent rescue teams there and thousands of people in every corner of the world are donating money to show their concern for them.

It is true that many natural disasters can’t be avoided sometimes.But at least we can do something to help the people in the tsunami-hit areas. So let’s offer our pocket money to them! Thank you.

九、通知

Dec. 19th, 2004

NOTICE

To help students learn more about computers, we have invited Professor Wang from the Computer Department of Qinghua University to give us a lecture on Saturday, December 22nd. Professor will talk about the use of computer and how to learn through the Internet.

The lecture begins at 2;00pm in Room 204 of the Library Building. Any computer-lover is welcome to attend the lecture. Please bring your questions in computer learning. Professor Wang will leave you time for questions.

Don’t forget to be on time.

the Students’ Union

十、欢迎词

Ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to our school! Now let me introduce something aboutthe changes that have taken place in our class.

We used to listen and take notes in class, but had no time to think for ourselves. Because we were not interested in the lessons, we often felt sleepy while listening. After school we had to finish much homework, unable to have some sports.

However, things are different now.With the help of computers, the lessons are so lively and interesting that the students are active to answer the questions instead of falling asleep. As a result, we have made greater progress than before, though we spend less time doing our homework. And we can enjoy ourselves after class.

The good teaching method is popular with all of us. We will try our best to study even harder.

That’s all. Thank you!

十一、填写求职表格

Family name: Zhou

First name: Lan

Sex: Female

Date of birth: March 25,1983

Place of birth:Zhuzhou, Hunan

Nationality: Chinese

Address:No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou

Telephone number:0733-8483628

Education:Graduated from Hunan University

Explain why you think you are suited for the job:

I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I’m good at English. I once won the first prize of English competition in our college. I’m very interested in traveling and know many places of interest in China.

十二、求职信

Dear sir,

The other day from China daily I know that your company need a travel guide.I’m writing to apply for the job.

I’m Chinese, female. I was born on March 25,1983 in Zhuzhou, Hunan province. I graduated from Hunan University last month. I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I’m good at English. I once won the first prize of English competition in our college. I’m

篇二:实用文体写作

第一编公务文体

第一章机关公文

教学要求

在本章的学习中,应当着重掌握:公文的概念、公文的行文关系、公文的分类、公文的构成要素、公文的表达方式、公文的稿本、公文书写材料、公文的行文规则;各公文文种的用途;通知、通报、报告、请示、函的一般写法。

对其它问题可一般了解。

教学内容

(一)公文概述

1.公文的概念

2.公文的行文关系

3.公文的分类

4.公文的构成要素

5.公文的表达方式

6.公文的稿本

7.公文书写材料

8.公文的行文规则

(二)各类公文的写作

1.命令(

实用文体写作的心得体会

令)的用途

2.决定的用途

3.公告的用途

4.通告的用途

篇三:实用文体写作

实用文体写作、应用文写作课程辅导

绪 论

一、实用文章的含义和特征:

含义:实用文体是各种实用型文章的总称。与欣赏型文章相对,是指为

解决实际问题而撰写的文章,是社会生活中具有特定用途的文章。王力教授曾谈到文艺性文章同应用文的三点区别:一是文艺文可写可不写,应用文要你写就得写;二是文艺文可读可不读,应用文必须要读;三是文艺文没有一定的格式,应用文有固定的格式。

实用性文章在内容和形式上,表现出两大特征:一是内容上为解决实际问才题或处理具体工作而写;二是形式上有固定的格式。从文章构成要素上看,具体有四个方面的特征:(一)、主旨单一、集中、明确;(二)、材料多样、真实、有力;(三)、结构合理、严谨、固定;(四)、语言准确、简明、平易、庄重。 二、提高写作水平的主要途径:(一)、要研究问题,把握情况。(二)、要领会政策,熟悉规定。(三)、要锤炼思维能力,加强语言修养。(四)、要学习知识,掌握规律。(五)、要善于借鉴,勤于实践。

第一章 行政公文

(应用写作第一编行政文体行政机关公文)

一、 概述:

(一)、公文的概念和特点:

广义的公文是指党政机关、企事业单位及社会团体在公务活动中所用的各

类文字材料。第一类为行政公文即法定公文;第二类为事务文书;第三类为专业文书。狭义的公文即法定公文。

狭义公文除内容与形式上具备一般公文的两个特征外,还具备以下特点:1、法定性;2、政策性;3、实用性;4、时效性;5、规范性。

(二)、公文的基本功用: 1、颁布法规,传达指示。(例如:公告、通告、决定、通知等) 2、反映情况,请示工作。(例如:报告、请示、函等)

3、联系工作,商洽公务。(例如:函) 4、宣传教育。(例如:嘉奖令、决定、通报等) 5、依据凭证。(书面材料,有据可查,有案可考) (三)、公文的分类:

1、按行文关系和方向可分为:上行文、平行文、下行文。 2、按紧急程度可分为:紧急公文(特急、急件)、普通公文。 3、按保密等级可分为:绝密、机密和秘密文件三种。 二、公文的构成要素(体式):

1、眉首: ①公文分数、序号②秘密等级和保密期限

(文头部分)③紧急程度 ④发文机关标识(红头文件)

⑤发文字号 ⑥签发人

———————————————————————红色反线—

2、主体 ①公文标题(基本要素:发文机关名称、发文事由、公文种类)

②主送机关③正文

开头(A目的式;B根据式;C缘由式。开门见山,简明扼要)

主体(核心部分) 结尾:(A归结式;B说明式;C申明式;D祈请式;E期望式。

F作为主题之一条或不用结尾。总要求:行

文简介, )

④附件说明

⑤成文日期

⑥公文生效标识(盖公章)

(⑦附注:发至哪一级,可否张贴或登报) 3、版记部分①主题词

② 抄送机关名称③印发日期④反线

————————————————————————————

三、公文写作的基本要求:(一)、要熟悉党和国家的方针政策及有关法规、规定。(二)、要了解实际情况。(三)、要遵循各项行文规则。(国家颁行或约定俗成的规则)。

1、文中选用要正确(考虑两个因素:一是行文关系;二是发文目的和公文内容)。

2、行文关系的确定要妥当。(确定行文关系的总原则:根据各自隶属关系和职权范围来确定。注意:①在自己权限内可互相行文;②未经协商一致不擅自行文;③联合行文;④重要公文要抄报上级;⑤双重机关行文要写明主送和抄送;⑥不得越级请示。)

3、制发程序安排要合理。(拟稿——审核——签发——复核——缮印——用印——登记、分发) 四、公文写作示例:

第二章 事务文书(应用写作第一编第二章)

一、概述:

含义:广义的事务文书指党政机关、企事业单位以及社会团体,在日常工作或

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