中美家庭教育论文参考文献

发布时间:2016-12-01 来源: 家庭教育 点击:

篇一:中美家庭教育差异开题报告

中美家庭教育差异

姓名:闫姗姗 班级:1003班 学号:20103952 专业:英语

一、课题研究目的

1.正确认识中美两国家庭教育差异及其原因

中美两国由于在文化传统,观念意识,生活方式以及社会习俗等方面存在着许多差异。分析两国家庭教育差异的原因是我们正确借鉴美国的先进育人理念的前提。

2.寻找,借鉴美国一种更加合理的家庭教育方式。

中美在家庭教育方式中存在很多差异,在这个差异中找到最佳的结合点借鉴美国合理的家庭教育方式有助于使中国的家庭教育趋于完善。

3.完善中国整个教育体系

家庭教育是整个学校教育和社会教育的基础,它是学校教育和社会教育无法取代的,作为教育中一个重要细胞,对中美家庭教育方式差异的对比研究能够有效的完善整个教育体系。

4.促进孩子健康成长,提高未来人才的素质。

家庭教育在教育体系中起着重要作用,家庭是对儿童进行启蒙教育的主要场所,对其日后的良好习性的养成和智力的开发有着十分重要的作用。

二、课题意义

《中国教育改革和发展纲要》指出“家长应当对社会负责,对后代负责,研究教育方法,培养子女具有良好的品德和行为习惯。”《中华人民共和国教育法》明确提出了要建立和完善终身教育体系,这包含了家庭教育在内的教育,也可以说家庭教育在一个人的终身教育中是出于起点位置的。苏联教育家马卡连柯指出:“现今父母教育子女,就是缔造我国未来的历史,因而也是缔造世界的历史。”家庭教育已经成为全世界面临的课题,家庭教育在人才的培养中起着至关重要的作用。中美两国家庭教育存在着两种截然不同的教育观念,而这种观念导致中美在教育方式上产生巨大差异。正确认识两国之间存在的这种差异对我国当代家庭教育的良性发展有着十分重要的指导作用和现实意义。本文首先介绍家庭教育的定义和特征,接着,对中美家庭教育进行对比分析,找出两者的相同之处和不同之处并分析造成这些差异的原因。最后,总结出从中美家庭教育对比分析中得到的启示。通过中美家庭教育的对比分析,使人们对家庭教育的理解更加透彻,从而促进中国家庭教育的发展。

三、课题研究内容

A.家庭教育的定义和特征

B.对中美家庭教育方式进行对比分析,找出两者的相同和不同之处

C.找出造成中美家庭教育差异的原因

D.从中美家庭教育差异中得到的启示

四、参考文献

[1]赵洪程:家庭教育是人生成长的摇篮[J];山西教育(教学);2011年05期

[2]张威:中美家庭教育方式比较[J];《科技信息》;2008年31期

[3]张晓亮:浅析中美家庭教育的差异[J];《大众文艺》;2013年23期

[4]苏霍姆林斯基:《帕夫雷什中学》;19558年

[5]素·金,珍妮·金:《亚裔学生为何出色-家庭教育的17个诀窍》;2006年

[6]彭立荣:《家庭教育学》;1993年

[7]杨宝忠:《大教育视野中的家庭教育》;2003

I. Introduction

A.The Motivation of the thesis

B.The Objective of the thesis

II. Brief introduction of Family Education

A.The Definition of Family Education

B.The Characteristics of Family Education

III. The Comparison of Chinese and American Family Education

A.The Similarities between Chinese and American Family Education

1.Moral Education with the Core of Love

2.Habit Education of Thrift

3.Words and Deeds

B.The differences between Chinese and American Family Education

1.Different Methods of Management

2.Different Ways of Family Education

3.Different Ways of criticism

4.Different Ways of Showing love

IV. Causes of the Differences in Family Education between China

and America

1.Different Historical Background

2.Different Values

3.Different Economic systems

4.Different Ways of Thinking

V. Enlightenment of the Comparative study on Family Education

between China and America

1.On the Aspects of Family Education Objects

2.On the Aspects of Family Education Contents

3.On the Aspects of Family Education Methods

VI. Conclusion

篇二:中美家庭教育差异论文(英文版)

* * * *大学

课程论文

(20**-20**学年*季学期)

论文题目:A Comparative Study on Family

课程名称:跨文化交际策略与技巧

任课教师:****

班 级:123

学 号:123

姓 名:123

日 期:20**年*2月*0日

A Comparative Study on Family Educationin America and China

Abstract: In a lifetime , family is the first school , in which parents are the first teachers for the children . Children are the hopes of a nation , and family education is the elementary education for children . There are many types of family education in the world and each of them shows distinctive features and is closely responsive to its culture . And American family education is the most famous one among them1 . There are great differences in the concepts of education , aim of education , methods of education and contents of education between American family education and Chinese family education . This thesis will complete the comparative study from the differences , the reasons and the results of family education between America and China . The author hopes to find a satisfied family education method through comparing the differences between American family education and Chinese family education . At the same time , the author hopes this thesis can provide some helpful suggestions for family education in order to make children grow more healthily and roundly .

Keywords: family education childeren differences education for all-around development Main Body:

Ⅰ.The differences of family education between America and China:

1. The concepts of family education are different .

The different education concepts between America and China lead children to receive differert education . In China , many parents only care about whether the children have a promising future , a good job , a good life or not . Based on these expectations , the majority of parents feel that their responsibility for their children is to create as good conditions as possible they can so that the children will not worry about anything in the future2 . Chinese parents would like to provide everything what they can for their children in the process of children’s growth . In short , they would like to sacrifice anything if their children can live better with their help . Therefore, in the process of children’s growth, the most important thing the parents concerning is to develop their children’s intellect , except for caring children’s daily life . In order to make their children have a good performance in study , become outstanding , or even become a famous person in the future ,

they would not let children do anything except studying . Contrastively , American parents generally believe that the growth of childeren must rely on their own strength and experiences. Based on this concept , most American parents emphasize more to train their children’s ability of independence once they are born because they think that children should form a self-supporting will and the capacity to live independently since their childhood . And the capacity comes from the training in the early age3 .

In the film 《Gua Sha Treatment》4 , there is a scene that Datong orderded his son to apologize to his boss’s son when his saw his son was fighting with his boss’s son . What’s more , he slapped his son in the face when his son refused to apologize , which gave his boss aquite a shock . His boss became confused why the father would show the regret by striking his son . This scene and the boss’s confusion reflect the different concepts between the two countries . Traditonal Chinese family education emphasize kindheartedness and bedience5 , so we can say that Chinese parents like Datong in the film always want to model their children . On the contrary , America children have more rights of autonomy because their parents emphasis on justice and freedom in the process of family education .

2. The aim of family education are different6 .

The aim of family education is to foster the childeren to grow in some direction by family education . It is the restrictive factor for the direction of family education , deciding the general effect of it . So the aim of family education is the core of family education and the fundamental reason for the differences between the two countries on family education .

There is an essential difference between two countrys’ aim of family education , with to expect the child to become an outstanding personage and to hope the child to be an comprehensive and independent person giving expressions to the difference . To most Chinese parents , the aim is expecting their child to be a “ dragon ” , which is “ wang zi cheng long ” in Chinese . But American parents take hoping the child to be a man of ability which is “ wang zi cheng ren ” in Chinese as their aim . For Chinese parents, their aim is to do anyting to support their children to get high marks . What forms apparent contrast to it is , America parents give their children more training about improving abilities . They try to train their children to have the ability of adapting to environmental variety and the ability of living independently .

3. The methods are different between America and China .

The differences of concepts and aim cause the childen to be taught by different ways and methods . In Chinese family , affected by Chinese traditional culture , parents educate children by “ control ” and “ seal ” type . There are three tips for it 7:

(1) Chinese parents prepare all things for their children in daily life . In Chinese family ,

children don’t have to do any housework .

(2) Chinese parents protect the children to excess in social activities . Many children are

prevented from exposure to the outer world because their parents worry about children’s being affected by bad things 8.

(3) Chinese parents have a rather strict attitude toward children’s study . Parents regard the

grades as the only standard for future success . “ Tasks Sea ” strategy is often used in study . Chinese children are tired of doing many extra exercises .

So Chinese children spend more time in studying than doing other things . What about America children ? Let’s talk about the famous film 《The Pacifier》9. In the film , it may be unconcious , but Shane Wolfe had let the kids master many skills by training them during the time when he cared them . So American parents bring up their children by the method of “ letting go ” but “ not indulging ” to exercise children’s abilities of independent living .

4. The different contents of family education between America and China .

The differences of family education between the two countries are also reflected in the contents of family education . Although the contents of Chinese family education can also devided into moral education , intellectual education , physical education and artistic education , but intellectual education has been the most important one since they go to school . However , the contents of American family education is abundant , which pay more attention to the harmonious development of language , emotion , knowledge and so on . It is so-called “ education for all-around development 10” .

Ⅱ.The reasons for the differences mentioned above:

1. Different historical background11

China with a long histroy has a sort of cohesive and conservative sense of worth , which is lack of spirit of adventure and innovative consciousness . There is a shortage of environment in which people can accept new ideas . By contraries , America is a nation of immigrants with a short history , there remains so little traditional culture . With the influence of multi culture and sense of

worth , it is easy to accept new thoughts and culture . So America children are better at taking risks and innovating .

2. Different economic form

China has a long histroy with a large population .Therefore , there are so few opportunities to find a job even a good job which can decide one’s life happiness . And getting high marks has become a necessary condition to have a good job and future . The condition of econemy in America is better than that in China , so there are more employment opportunities in America . American parents think profession is not distinguished whether it is noble or nidering as long as they can survive in society .

3.Different social conditions

So far , social security system and old-age care have not been perfect in China . Many Chinese parents take their children as their private possession in order to receive the children’s return , which is reflected in the methods of education . For this reason , their children’s high scores have become their origin of pride . But in America , there is a prosper development of econemy and sane social security system , so American parents don’t count on their children’s support . They see educating child to be an independent , conscientious and kindhearted person as their duties .

4.Different traditional culture12

In China , people advocate collectivism which emphasize the collective interests more important than personal interests . Therefore , Chinese parents usually replace children’s interests by their own wills and thoughts . They design children’s future standing in the adult angle . What’s more , in Chinese family , parents can raise their children in the lifetime . However , stressing personality , upholding individual development and caring about personal benefit are all the cores of American culture . Rationalistic American parents insist that children after 18 years old should be independent and not rely on their parents .

Ⅲ.The results of two different kinds of family education13:

The results of family education in the two countries also display obvious differences because of the differences of education concepts , aim , methods and contents . These are mainly reflected in five aspects .

1. Ability of adapting to the society

篇三:中美家庭教育对比研究的开题报告

( )届本科生毕业(论文)过程管理材料

题目(中文)___中美家庭教育对比研究_____________________________ 院 系 ________ _____________________

专 业 __________ _____________________

学生姓名 __________ _____________________

学 号 __________ ____________________

指导教师 __________林群______________________

指导教师职称_________副_教 授_ __________________

绵阳师范学院教务处制

本科生毕业设计(论文)开题报告表

㈠ 中国对中美家庭教育的研究历史

1、二十世纪八十年代家庭教育的研究

1978年中国进入了改革开放的新时期,1980年9月北京市家庭教育研究会的成立,以及在此期间专门的家教期刊《父母必读》创刊和专门的家长学校“母范学堂”的创办标志着新中国家教事业的兴起。中国的家教事业虽然刚刚起步,但社会和民众的关心和支持却不断升温,广大家长学习家庭教育知识的热情迅速升高,尤其在城镇形成了较大的声势。 80年代是中国逐渐对外开放的年代,体现在家庭教育领域就是介绍、评价和研究中美的家庭教育经验的作品越来越多,《外国中小学教育》曾专门设栏目连续发表国外家庭教育方面的文章,对于外国家庭教育思想的研究也逐步展开。

2、二十世纪九十年代家庭教育的研究

九十年代中国的家庭教育就由民间走到了社会,越来越了受到政府和社会各界的关注和支持,形成了一种宏大的社会事业。但由于多种制约因素的干扰,家教误区比较突出,90年代中国家庭教育研究全面展开,在众多的问题研究中,家庭教育定义等问题的研究取得了显著成绩。

3、二十一世纪以来家庭教育的研究

21世纪,我国家庭教育正处于蓬勃发展时期。表现在三个方面:一、党和政府高度重视家庭教育工作二,家庭教育学术活动越来越活跃;三,亿万家长家庭教育实践越来越理性化。

㈡ 中美国二国家庭教育现状的分析

中美两国家庭教育哪一种更适应现代社会发展呢?社会发展的动力是人的创造性。随着人类文明的进步,社会越来越需要全面发展的人才,因为现代社会需要的是有活力的、全面的人。显然,美国家庭教育更能培养个性张扬、有创造力、生存力的“人”,而中国家庭教育培养的是“守规矩”、“会读书”的所谓的“才”。这是中国家庭与学校“合作”进行“应试教育”的结果,这教育的结果将严重影响我国青少年的身心素质。那么,美国的家庭教育有哪些优点呢?与美国的家庭教育相比,中国的家庭教育存在着哪些不足?当今中国家庭教育的现状有哪些呢?

㈢ 美国家庭教育的特点:

1、注重培养平等意识

在美国大人跟孩子谈话永远是蹲下来同孩子脸对脸、目光对视着,体现了家长对孩子的尊重,有利于培养孩子自尊自信。孩子有自由选择的权利 ,父母负责

引导,帮助分析,但最终的选择权在孩子手里。美国人在日常生活中充分提供孩子参加和表现的机会,无论结果怎么样,总是给予认可和赞许。在这样宽松的环境里成长起来的孩子开朗活泼、勇于创新、充满自信①。

2、注重培养动手能力

在国父母很重视孩子的创造能力,他们会有意识的为孩子提供环境和条件进行劳动训练,加强他们的动手能力。美国父母认为劳动能给孩子带来很多好处,

比如:劳动可以培养孩子的独立性;劳动能促进手脑并用,促进智力发育;劳动能促进身体健康、增强体质;劳动能促进良好的个性品质的形成②。

3、注重培养独立能力

在美国,绝大多数18岁以上的青少年,都是靠自己挣钱来读书。美国的家长普遍都支持自己的孩子通过打工、做兼职等来锻炼其独立生活的能力。美国孩子从小睡小床,稍大后单独一间,从没听说过孩子与父母睡在一起②。

4、注重培养创造能力

美国人不会让孩子们去死记硬背大量的公式和定理,而是煞费苦心地告诉孩子们应怎样去思考问题,教给孩子们面对陌生领域寻找答案的方法。竭尽全力去肯定孩子们的一切努力,去赞扬孩子们自己思考的一切结论,去保护和激励孩子们所有的创造欲望和尝试。他们认为对人的创造能力来说,有两个东西比死记硬背更重要:一个

中美家庭教育论文参考文献

是他要知道到哪里去寻找所需要的;再一个是他综合使用这些知识进行新的创造的能力①。

㈣ 当今中国家庭教育的现状

1、悲观的思维方式造成急功近利的心态

从如今的等级观念根深蒂固,家长认为只要孩子学习好,其它无所谓;盲目攀比造成心理失落,失落导致恨铁不成钢,家长的心态变了,孩子的自信也失去了③。

2、重养轻教,重物质轻精神

现在不少父母仅关注孩子的衣食住行,会忽略孩子内心世界,这样孩子容易出现心理问题和品德问题。家长的溺爱造成孩子个性缺陷。剥夺了孩子对人生的正常体验,孩子失去了生存能力;而家长对孩子学习上过高的期望又造成他们过重的精神压力,这种教育十分的不合理,缺乏科学性④。

3、把孩子当作私有财产

中国家长爱孩子,更爱面子,家长喜欢拿孩子作为自己炫耀的资本,满足虚荣心,给自己挣面子。他们理所当然的认为孩子是他们的,他们就有权利支配孩子的行为,而当孩子违背他们的命令时,有的家长就会使用“威严”的家庭暴力,却不知道他们的行为是违法的,他们坚信“棍棒底下出孝子”“不打不成才”的“教育理念”⑤。

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